An ancient ingredient for the 22nd Century
The Gum belt in the Sudan, Gum ARABIC, and a product of nature.
Gum Arabic is the natural gummy exuded obtained by tapping the branches of the Acacia
Senegal tree and its closely related species. Gum ARABIC
"HASHAB" is prized for its outstanding and highly uniform characteristics such
as excellent solubility, pale color and superb emulsifying and film-forming properties.
Grades and Processing
We proceeded different grades of gum derived from Acacia Senegal, however,
the "CLEANED" grades, and the "HAND-PICKED and SELECTED" grades (bigger
tears, lighter color) remain the qualities of choice for food, beverage and pharmaceutical
applications. A lesser grade derived from Acacia Seyal, known as gum "TALHA", has diversed
technical applications, and may be further processed by "Kibbling," "Granulating",
"Powdering" and "Spray Drying".
GUM ARABIC is an essential element in many industries :-
o Encapsulated Flavors
o Pharmaceutical and Vitamins
o Chemical and Cosmetic
o High Fiber Formulation
o Printing, Colors and Textile
o Formulations Miscellaneous
Quality Control :-
Has been set at Port Sudan with the help of International Trade Centre UNCTAD/GATT (ITC),
representing a new era for a chemically graded product in the future.
Marketing Policy :-
The prices of Gum Arabic are held at reasonable and realistic levels, and the company is
maintaining buffer stocks to stabilize both prices and supply.
Gum Arabic was known as an article of commerce since the year 4,000 B.C. and was widely
used in Egypt during the Pharaoh's Civilization in the preparation of Ink, Water Colors
and Dyes. The name "GUM ARABIC" was derived from the fact that it was shipped to
Europe from Arabian Ports in the old days, Gum ARABIC is therefore long established in the
MEDICAL BENEFIT :-
THE SUPPLEMENTATION WITH GUM ARABIC FIBER
"Supplementation with Gum Arabic increases fecal nitrogen excretion and lowers serum
urea nitrogen concentration in chronic renal failure patents consuming a low-protein
Hemodialysis: A process of filtering blood through a
semi-permeable membrane that traps large particles, such as urea, while allowing smaller
ones to pass through.
Uremia: The complex of symptoms caused by chronic renal failure
that can make dialysis necessary, it describes the failure of the kidneys to remove urea
and other nitrogen waste from the bloodstream, and their consequent build-up to toxic
In order to reduce the production of such troublesome metabolites,
doctors counsel people with chronic renal failure to eat no more than necessary minimum of
proteins, and indeed, most approaches to treating chronic renal failure involve reducing
nitrogen intake. But a group of researchers from the Minneapolis and Philadelphia areas
wanted to try a novel approach: a dietary supplement aimed at increasing the excretion of
nitrogen waste via feces. The supplement is Gum ARABIC fiber, a common food additive
derived from the African acacia tree and used in instant coffee and tea, puddings and
fillings, frostings, artificial whipped cream and chewing gum, to name but a few.
The Theory : The use of Gum Arabic, behind this fermentable fiber
is that a daily dose of 25g. would approximately double the amount of energy available to
the colonies of bacteria that inhabit the human digestive tract. These bacteria grow by
fermenting dietary fiber, and as they grow they absorb nitrogen. They are also capable of
degrading urea to ammonia. They themselves are then excreted in feces, taking some of the
body's nitrogen waste with them.
Analysis : A significant gain showed in the amount of waste
excreted while on Gum Arabic fiber, there was an increase of approximately 50% of the
quantity of fecal bacterial mass the patients excreted in an average day, and other
components of feces such as undigested fiber and water-soluble substances also weighed
more. Gum ARABIC patients was found to have 1.7 times as much nitrogen on average as it
did on pectin or before the experiment began, but the nitrogen in bacterial mass accounted
for only 59% of the increase in total nitrogen in the stool produced by patients on the
Gum Arabic fiber supplement.
The Benefits : High levels of urea may or may not hasten the
progression of chronic renal failure, but they do increase symptoms, reduce quality of
life and can make dialysis necessary. Patients who find themselves rapidly losing weight
on such a diet might be able to eat slightly more if they consume Gum Arabic fiber.
Reproduced with permission from the American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 1996, Vol.63,
P.392-398 By: The American Society for Clinical Nutrition