PROPERTIES
SOLUBILITY Can yield solutions up to 55% concentration. Gum Arabic is truly soluble in cold water. Other gums are either insoluble in cold water or form colloidal suspensions, solutions not true.
VISCOSITY A 20% aqueous solution will give less than 100 cps, i.e. Gum Arabic is not very viscous at such concentrations. High viscosity is obtained only at concentrations of 40% - 50%
FILM-FORMING Gum Arabic's superb film-forming properties make it ideal for some confectionery coatings and lithographic plate solutions.
EMULSIFIER Gum Arabic produces highly stable emulsions making it very useful in the preparation of oil-in-water food flavour emulsions, particularly for citrus oils.
COLOR Colorless (top quality) to pale straw color (average quality).
TASTE Gum Arabic has no off-taste. The taste of flavoring products co-spraydried with Gum Arabic is not affected or dulled by Gum Arabic as the carrier.
FIBER Nutritional experts can regard Gum Arabic as 95% "Soluble Fiber," according to the latest evidence.
CALORIC VALUE Officially recognized in the U.S.A. as being under 1 Kcal per gram.
Generally defined as POLYSACCHARIDE DIETARY FIBER WITH REDUCED CALORIC INTAKE.
CHOLESTEROL REDUCER Human dietary intake studies have indicated a reduction in blood cholesterol levels when above average amounts of Gum Arabic (25 grams per day) are ingested in solution.
TOXICOLOGICAL STATUS "ADI not specified" (JEFCA + EEC):
"Generally Recognized as Safe" (GRAS) (USA).

COMPARISON OF GUM PRODUCING AREA SUDAN / OTHER COUNTRIES

SUDAN

OTHER COUNTRIES

  1. Uniform stands of monoculture of the right speciesin large tracks.
  2. Well-experienced producers, tappers, collectors, cleaners and graders.
  3. Land tenure settles - recognized private ownership.
  4. Producers are mainly settled agriculturists.
  5. The stable system of Gum cultivation cycle is practiced in many areas.
  6. Development of Gum Projects at all levels.
  7. Produces 85% - 90% of world production.
  1. Mixed species in patches.
  2. Lack of experience in all fields.
  3. Serious land tenure problems, Gum is produced in the noman's land.
  4. Producers are mostly nomads not interested in Gum development.
  5. Over - exploitation and cutting of trees through shifting cultivation is practiced.
  6. Lack of serious development projects.
  7. Produces 10% - 15% of world production.

PRODUCT SPECIFICATION

Quality:

100% Kibbled Kordofan Gum Arabic
(Acacia Senegal)
Produced by sieving and crushing into uniform size range from about 0.5mm. to 6mm. Tailor made according to the customer requirement, Physical and Chemical properties are that raw material except that product is very clean from park, sand or foreign materials.

Physical:

Dried gummy exudation odourless from the stem and branches, occurs as white to yellowish white spheroidal tears of varying size or in angular fragments, tasteless, odourless dissolves readily in hot or cold water, non-toxic, non-calorific, non-polluting and does not affect the flavor, odour or color of the solution.
Typical size distribution:

Product

Out of Kordofan Clean(KC)

Out of Hand-Picked Selected (HPS)

Out of Kordofan Clean (KC)

Brand

KB 107

KB 118

KB 120

Kibble size

< 6 mm.

< 2 mm.

< 125 Micron

Composition:

Complex Polysaccharide, on Hydrolysis yields Galactose, Rhamnose, Arabinose and Glucuronic Acid with around 2% of Protein and trace of Sodium, Magnesium, Calcium and Potassium salt.

Appearance:

White Powder

Characteristics:

KB 107 =< 6 mm. hand-picked and hand selected, pre-cleaned by hammering and screening to the size
KB 118 =< 2 mm. same as above but different in size
KB 120 =< 125 Micron hand-picked and hand-selected, High quality, meeting all foods, Pharmaceutical, and cosmetic.

Packing:

25, 50 or 750 Kgs. Packed in 4 Ply papers bags with PE liner loaded with or without Pallets.

Analysis:

Moisture 15% max.
Optical Rotation ( -26 o -34 o )
pH 4.2 -- 4.8
Viscosity 75 -- 110 CPS

Note : KC = Kordofan Clean Amber Sorts
HPS = Hand-Picked Selected
KB = Kibbling, Kibble (making uniform pebble-size pieces)

LAB ANALYSIS
Powder Kordofan Gum Arabic, Hashab
(Acacia Senegal) KB 120
Purity

99.50% min.

Moisture

15% max.

Total Ash

04.00% min.

Acid Insoluble Matter

00.50% max.

pH

4.2 -- 4.8

Viscosity

75 - 110 CPS

Arsenic

03 PPM max.

Lead

10 PPM max.

Total Heavy Metal

20 PPM max.

Optical Rotation

( -26o -34o )

T.V.C.

2000/g. max.

Yeast and Mould

200/g. max.

Salmonella

Absent

E Coli

Absent